By Daniela Felisini
This booklet presents a bright biography of a towering Italian banker, pioneer and entrepreneur. It weaves the entrepreneurial ventures of Alessandro Torlonia (1800-1886) in the course of the narratives of industrial and politics within the 19th century, the expansion of ecu monetary markets and the decline of Papal strength in the course of the Italian Risorgimento. The dialogue is based in rigorous ancient learn utilizing unique assets corresponding to the Archivum Secretum Vaticanum papers and different legit records; the documents of the Torlonia kin, and of the Rothschild financial institution in Paris; memoirs; correspondences, and newspapers. via this publication readers research that Alessandro Torlonia used to be a guy of many faces, who was once essentially the most complicated and influential characters of Italian fiscal lifestyles within the 19th century. Felisini additionally offers knowledgeable critique of the monetary heritage of the papacy: a space of heightened curiosity given the notoriety of kin among the Holy See and its bankers within the 20th and twenty-first centuries. Focal subject matters equivalent to the historical past of eu elites and the background of eu monetary markets could have an interdisciplinary allure for students and researchers.
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Extra info for Alessandro Torlonia: The Pope’s Banker
2. Document in the hand of Pius VI, 5 September 1797, ACS, Archivio Torlonia, b. 150. Francesco De Rossi (De Rubeis), deed of 8 April 1797, vol. 6374. On the villa and the various architectural and artistic works, see Campitelli, Villa Torlonia: storia e architettura; Campitelli, Villa Torlonia: l’ultima impresa del mecenatismo romano. 27 The villa, better known as Villa Ferroni-Valentini-Giraud from the names of the subsequent owners, was destroyed during the fighting for the Roman Republic in 1849; in 1863 it was bought by Bettino Ricasoli, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861–1862, and then in 1907 by the Russian Prince Abamelek-Lazarev, from whom it took its current name.
5 For expert advice they called in Giovanni Cristiano De Miller, giving him the responsibility for state planning: possibly English by birth, he had served in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under Francis I, husband of the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, and had also been consulted by the Russian government over the development of their textile industry. The breadth of his scholarly interests, which saw him publishing a commentary on Arthur Young’s Political Arithmetic in 1781, was matched by his activities: between 1777 and 1793 De Miller advanced a large number of projects, mainly aimed at developing the textile sector.
Commercio e industria, b. 5. 90 For an account of these affairs see Felisini, “La banca di emissione nello Stato Pontificio,” 283–86. 91 See Bouvier, Les Rothschild, 7. V. 5, 1957 Bibliography Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, ed.