By Vivien Burr
Advent to Social Constructionism is a readable and significant account of social constructionism for college kids new to the sphere. targeting the problem to psychology that social constructionism poses, Viven Burr examines the suggestion of 'personality' to demonstrate the rejection of essentialism via social constructionists. This questions psychology's conventional realizing of the individual. She then exhibits how the research of language can be utilized as a spotlight for our figuring out of human behaviour and adventure. this can be persisted by means of reading 'discourses' and their function in developing social phenomena, and the connection among discourse and tool. even if, the issues linked to those analyses also are in actual fact outlined.Many humans think that one of many goals of social technology may be to lead to social swap. Viven Burr analyses what chances there will be for switch in social constructionist money owed. She additionally addresses what social constructionism capability in perform to analyze within the social sciences, and comprises a few instructions on project discourse analysis.Introduction to Social Constructionism is a useful and transparent advisor for all confused scholars who are looking to start to comprehend this tough quarter.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Social Constructionism
We have divided up our world into things we have called ‘dogs’, ‘pigs’, ‘marriage’, ‘intelligence’ and so on, and these divisions are arbitrary. It is quite possible that in some cultures separate concepts for ‘dog’ and ‘cat’ do not exist. In English-speaking cultures we have the words ‘sheep’ and ‘mutton’, and they refer to different concepts, but in French there is only one word, ‘mouton’. Whatever differences we see between the concepts ‘sheep’ and ‘mutton’, as English-speakers, simply do not exist for the French.
Social Psychology of Identity and the Self Concept, London: Surrey University Press in association with Academic Press. This is a good, clear account of the social constructionist case against the concept of ‘the individual’. Potter, J. and Wetherell, M. (1987) Discourse and Social Psychology: Beyond Attitudes and Behaviour, London: Sage. A key text, based upon a constructionist critique of the traditional psychological concept of ‘attitude’. Chapter 2 Does language affect the way we think? In chapter 1, I made a case for the view that the person is socially constructed.
The meaning of a sign resides not intrinsically in that sign itself, but in its relationship to other signs. To give another example, it is not anything intrinsic to the signifier ‘professional’ that gives it its meaning, but rather its difference from and contrast with other signifiers of class such as ‘manual worker’ and ‘trader’. This is what Saussure’s structuralism is saying, then: language does not reflect a pre-existing social reality, but constitutes, brings a framework to, that reality for us.